Dental Insurance

Dental Insurance

Dental insurance is designed to help individuals and families manage the costs of dental care by providing coverage for various dental procedures. As an integral part of overall healthcare, dental insurance plays a vital role in ensuring that individuals can access necessary dental services without breaking the bank. Let’s explore the world of dental insurance, exploring the types of plans, coverage options, and essential factors to consider when choosing the right plan for you and your family.

Dental Insurance

Dental insurance is a form of health insurance designed to pay a portion of the costs associated with dental care. There are several different types of individual, family, or group dental insurance plans grouped into three primary categories: Indemnity, Preferred Provider Network (PPO), and Dental Health Managed Organizations (DHMO).


Generally dental offices have a fee schedule, or a list of prices for the dental services or procedures they offer. Dental insurance companies have similar fee schedules which is generally based on Usual and Customary dental services, an average of fees in an area. The fee schedule is commonly used as the transactional instrument between the insurance company, dental office and/or dentist, and the consumer.

Types of coverage

Indemnity Dental Insurance Plan

With indemnity dental plans, the insurance company generally pays the dentist a percentage of the cost of services. Restrictions may include the co-payment requirements, waiting period, stated deductible, annual limitations, graduated percentage scales based on the type of procedure, and the length of time that the policy has been owned.


Dental Health Maintenance Organization (DHMO)

Dental Health Maintenance Organization plans entail dentists contracting with a dental insurance company that dentists agree to accept an insurance fee schedule and give their customers a reduced cost for services as an In-Network Provider. Many DHMO insurance plans have little or no waiting periods and no annual maximum benefit limitations, while covering major dental work near the start of the policy period. This plan is sometimes purchased to help defray the high cost of the dental procedures. Some dental insurance plans offer free semi-annual preventive treatment. Fillings, crowns, implants, and dentures may have various limitations.

Participating Provider Network (PPO)

In the United States, Participating Provider Network or PPO, also referred to as Preferred Provider Organization, is an organization governed by medical doctors, hospitals, other health centers, and medical care providers. This organization has an agreement with an insurer or the third party administrator to provide health insurance to the people associated with their client at reduced or low rates. Participating Provider Network plan may work similar to a DHMO while using an In-Network facility. However, a PPO allows Out-of-Network or Non-Participating Providers to be used for service. Any difference of fees will become the financial responsibility of the patient, unless otherwise specified.

How do you apply for dental insurance?

There are two ways to obtain dental insurance:

  • As part of your employment benefits, your employer may provide you with dental coverage. If so, you can apply during the annual open enrollment period. There may be various types of dental plans available to help cover the type of dental care you anticipate needing.
  • If your employer does not provide dental insurance, or if you lose your job or start your own business, you can purchase a dental plan on your own. This can be done through a state health exchange or directly through a health insurance company such as Cigna Healthcare.

What does dental insurance cover?

What your dental insurance covers depends on the plan you choose. Here are the types of coverage you may consider when shopping for a dental plan:

  • Preventive dental care: Most dental plans cover you for certain preventive care at $0 cost. This often includes a dental exam and cleaning every six months, as well as certain types of mouth x-rays. There may also be coverage for sealants, fluoride, and more for children.
  • Restorative care: This includes everything from fillings for cavities and tooth extractions, to root canals, crowns, bridges, dentures, and more. Treatments like these range from basic to major. The more complex and specialized your dental care, the more costly it may be. If you expect to need dental care that goes beyond your preventive dental exams, you may want to explore dental plans that offer you more coverage for restorative services like these.
  • Orthodontic care: This area of dental specialization is focused on correcting teeth and bite alignment. If you or a family member expect to need this type of dental care, look for dental insurance that includes coverage for orthodontic services.

What is not covered by dental insurance?

This depends on the type of dental insurance plan you choose. For example, dental services like bridges, crowns, dentures, and root canals may not be covered if you only buy a preventive dental plan. Here are some kinds of dental treatments that may not be covered:

  • Anything cosmetic, such as teeth whitening and veneers.
  • Orthodontic appliances such as braces, removable teeth aligners, or retainers may not be included in all types of dental plans. If you are looking for dental insurance with orthodontic benefits, be sure you understand the details of any plan you’re considering. For example, there could be differences in coverage for the orthodontist’s services versus the coverage for the actual orthodontic appliances, like braces or retainers.


In conclusion, dental insurance is a valuable tool for maintaining good oral health and managing the costs of dental care. By understanding the types of plans available, coverage options, and essential factors to consider, individuals and families can make informed decisions about their dental insurance needs.

FAQs About Dental Insurance

1. Is dental insurance necessary for everyone?

Dental insurance is highly recommended for individuals and families to manage the costs of routine and unexpected dental care.

2. Can I use any dentist with a dental insurance plan?

The ability to choose any dentist depends on the type of plan. HMO plans may require a primary dentist, while PPO plans offer more flexibility.

3. Are cosmetic procedures covered by dental insurance?

Dental insurance primarily focuses on essential dental care, and coverage for cosmetic procedures is often limited.

4. How can I maximize my dental insurance benefits?

Scheduling regular check-ups, using in-network providers, and utilizing preventive services are effective ways to maximize dental insurance benefits.

5. What should I do if a specific dental procedure is not covered by my insurance?

If a procedure is not covered, consider exploring supplemental dental insurance or alternative financing options to address the gap in coverage.


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